J. L. ACKRILL, Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione. Translated with Notes (Clarendon Aristotle Series). Oxford, Clarendon Press, VII, p. Pr. sh. Aristotle’s Categories is a singularly important work of philosophy. It not only .. Ackrill finds Aristotle’s division of quality at best unmotivated. The Categories is a text from Aristotle’s Organon that enumerates all the possible kinds of Aristotle’s own text in Ackrill’s standard English version is: Of things.

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So, it is natural to interpret him as thinking that among primary substances are concrete particulars that are members of natural kinds. There’s a problem loading this menu right now.

First, as I have already noted, Aristotle gives pride of place in this scheme to primary substances. After all, someone might argue, everything exists. Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.

In addition to positing ten highest kinds, Aristotle also categorles views about the structure of such kinds. Aquinas then divides the former way of being in a subject in terms of form and matter.

Categories (Aristotle) – Wikipedia

Get to Know Us. Aristotle simply does not provide in his surviving writings the sort of conceptual connections that underlie the Medieval derivations. Two trends in recent philosophical scholarship are ac,rill special note.

Amazon Drive Cloud storage from Amazon. If there are non-substantial particulars, then Socrates’ whiteness categoriees a numerically distinct particular from Plato’s whiteness.

But there is no category of particulars. The first considers it directly, as a topic of investigation in its own right; see Shields ed.

Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione

It might seem that the answer to this question is obvious: But we can still ask the question: Given the divergence of expert opinion about even the most basic aspects of Aristotle’s Categoriesit is inevitable that an attempt to give a neutral account of the basic positions it contains will be seen as wrong headed, perhaps drastically so, by some scholar or other.


But to know whether our questions are tracking the metaphysical structures of the world requires us to have some way of establishing the correctness of the categorial scheme.

Cornell University Press, Aristotle’s list of species in the Category of Quantity is thus not merely puzzling but seems to commit Aristotle to a contradiction. For, he thinks that a species in substance is said-of primary substances while species in the other categories are not said-of primary substances.

Inspecting all of Aquinas’s derivation to determine its cogency is far too large a project to undertake here. I am not ultimately concerned to present the correct interpretation of Aristotle’s Categories.

In other aristootle, being would have to be differentiated by some non-being, which, according to Aristotle, is a metaphysical absurdity. Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. University of Notre Dame Press, Finally, some scholars have synthesized the linguistic and extra-linguistic interpretations by interpreting Aristotle as classifying linguistic predicates in so far as they are related to the world in semantically significant ways.

And as a matter of historical fact the lack of any justification for his list of highest kinds has been the source of some famous criticisms. Although the latter part of the Categories is interesting, it is not clear that it is integral to either of Aristotle’s classificatory schemes.

J. L. Ackrill, Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione – PhilPapers

In addition, we can ask about our epistemic access to the ultimate categories in the world. Kelly and Hans Josef Niederhe eds. Explore the Home Gift Guide.

So again we are once again f forced to admit just how difficult it is to pin down a precise interpretation of Aristotle’s work. First, aristofle who is comfortable with relational properties will no doubt find Aristotle’s discussion somewhat confused.


Rather, I hope only to have illustrated how deeply intriguing and yet difficult to pin down fully Aristotle’s Categories is.

Categories and De Interpretatione

The set of doctrines in the Categorieswhich I will henceforth call categorialismprovides the framework of inquiry for a wide variety of Aristotle’s ctegories investigations, ranging from his discussions of time and change in the Physics, to the science of being qua being in the Metaphysicsand even extending to his rejection of Platonic ethics in the Nicomachean Ethics. And we can answer — Socrates is a human.

Hence, it is tempting to shift to an interpretation according to which Aristotle is after all focused on linguistically characterized items. It was an enterprise worthy of an acute thinker like Aristotle to try to discover these fundamental concepts; but as he had no guiding principle he merely picked them up as they occurred to him, and at first gathered up ten of them, which he called categories or predicaments.

He devotes a few comments to the categories of action and passion 11b1 and then has a brief discussion of one of the odder categories, having, at the end of the work adistotle Dumb Ox Press, So, in the first instance, we can ask: I shall discuss the first four of these kinds in detail in a moment.