The bitter struggle that rolled back and forth across the North African desert was the first major Allied victory of the Second World War. ODAL!Music: ODAL!Video: channel/rfyxEnAH7Uy. North Africa campaigns, (–43), in World War II, series of battles for but significant events that bound the Axis Powers and culminated in a world war.

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The next day, he shifted the weight of the main attack around the southwestern flank of the line, through the Matmata Hills.

Arnim assumed overall Axis command, and Messe took command in south Tunisia. Meanwhile, the Italians had lost their extensive empire in eastern Africa, including Ethiopia, early….

North Africa campaigns

The loss of food supplies was an important factor in the spread of sickness among the troops; Rommel himself fell ill, and in September he was sent back to Europe to recover. Artillery ammunition ran very short, and because of the sinking of oil tankers none reached Africa during the weeks immediately preceding the British offensiveRommel was left with one-tenth of the fuel necessary for sustained operations.

It was not until September vorces,that the Italians, after massing more than six divisions, began a cautious move forward into the Western Desert. The primary benefit of Ultra intercepts to the effort in North Africa was to aid in cutting the Axis supply line to Tunisia. Rommel had lost more than one-third of his tanks, and the remainder were running short on fuel and ammunition. In order to avoid encirclement in the Benghazi bulge, Rommel retreated back across Cyrenaica, reaching El Agheila on January 6, When the Eighth Army launched its next offensive, in mid JanuaryRommel fell back again, making an almost continuous mile km withdrawal, past Tripolito the Mareth Line inside the Tunisian frontier.


In an attempt to pincer German afria Italian forces, Allied forces American and British Commonwealthlanded in Vichy axiz French North Africa under the assumption that there would be little to no resistance. During the winter, there followed a period of stalemate during which time both sides continued to build up their forces.

Positioned wxis the desert flank was the 7th Armoured Divisionwhich would strike the flank of the Italian force. Nevertheless, the wedge that had been driven into the German defenses in the north looked so menacing that local defending commanders threw in their tanks piecemeal in efforts to stanch the British advance. Before he had to face the rapidly closing Montgomery, Rommel intended to eliminate the threat of the British First Army to his north.

After receiving supplies and reinforcements from Tripolithe Axis attacked again, defeating the Allies at Gazala in June and capturing Tobruk. The Axis forces could not overcome Allied air and sea power—both of which enhanced Allied logistics axia degraded Axis logistics. Over three days, the British had captured nearly 40, prisoners and guns.

North African Campaign

Vichy France [nb 4] [ citation needed ] 1, dead; 1, wounded. After the invasion of Ethiopia by Italian troops in Octoberthe British and French proposed a secret agreement that would have ceded the bulk of Ethiopian territory to Italy in exchange for a truce.

It afrca an inhospitable region with no vegetation and virtually no water. The Germans gave Keyes a funeral with full military honors, and the gallant Rommel sent his personal chaplain to conduct the services.

In light of those developments, Churchill decided to fly to Egypt to assess the situation, and he arrived in Cairo on August 4, On the 30th, Rommel consolidated his armor in a 190-43 position that came to be known as the Cauldron.

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After a series of fierce tank battles on November 22 and 23, Rommel drove deep into the British rear with two panzer divisions. Despite heavy air attacks, the Tiger convoy arrived on May 12 after losing only one transport that carried 57 tanks.

The British regrouped along the Gazala—Bir Hakeim line, just west of Tobruk, and both sides received additional reinforcements. The Italian defense quickly collapsed, and by the third day the whole garrison had surrendered, with 45, prisoners, artillery pieces, and tanks falling into British hands. On December 9 the Italian garrisons at Nibeiwa, Tummar West, and Tummar East were taken, and thousands of prisoners were captured, whereas the attackers suffered very light casualties.

The st Signals Battalion monitored radio communications among British units. Seventh Army into Sicily, employing his…. The situation looked gloomy, but things were far worse for Rommel.

North African Campaign – Wikipedia

Discover some of 1940-443 most interesting and trending topics of Thus, over the course of 10 weeks Allied forces had destroyed the Italian Tenth Army and reached El Agheila, takingprisoners of war in the process. For three weeks, Auchinleck skillfully battled Rommel to a standstill. Vichy officially pursued a policy of armed neutrality and conducted military actions against armed incursions from Axis and Allied belligerents.

Taken together, the battles of Ruweisat Ridge and Alam el Halfa were the real strategic turning point of the war in North Africa.