Computer music is the application of computing technology in music composition, The field of computer music can trace its roots back to the origins of .. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Dodge, Charles; Jerse (). Cellular models and the TAO computer music program. Author: Mark techniques are described in Dodge and Jerse (). An important. Additionally, in , Dodge wrote the important book Computer Dodge composed this piece in the Bell Laboratories located in New Jersey.
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Computer music is the application of computing technology in music compositionto help human composers create new music or to have computers independently create music, such as with algorithmic composition programs.
It includes the theory and application of new and existing computer software technologies and basic aspects of computwr, such as sound synthesisdigital signal processingsound designsonic diffusion, acousticsand psychoacoustics. The field of computer music can trace its roots back to the origins of electronic musicand the very first experiments and innovations with electronic instruments at the turn of the 20th century.
In the s, with the widespread availability of relatively affordable home computers that have a fast processing speed, and the growth of home recording using digital audio recording systems ranging from Garageband to Protoolsthe term is sometimes used to describe music that has been created using digital technology.
Much of the work on computer music has drawn on the relationship between music theory and mathematicsa relationship which has been noted since the Ancient Greeks described the ” harmony of the spheres “.
In it publicly played the comptuer Colonel Bogey March ”  of which no known recordings exist. However, CSIRAC played standard repertoire and was not used to extend musical thinking or composition which is current computer-music practice.
The oldest known recordings of computer generated music were played by the Ferranti Mark 1 computer, a commercial version of the Baby Machine from the University of Manchester in the autumn of The music dodhe was written by Christopher Strachey and Alan Turing with analog interface designed by Turing.
Two further major s developments were the origins of digital sound synthesis by computer, and of algorithmic composition programs beyond rote playback. Later Japanese computer music compositions include a piece by Kenjiro Ezaki presented during Osaka Expo ’70 and “Panoramic Sonore” by music critic Akimichi Takeda.
Ezaki also published an article called “Contemporary Music and Computers” in Since then, Japanese research in computer music has largely been carried out for commercial purposes in popular musicthough some of the more serious Japanese musicians used large computer systems such as the Fairlight in the s.
Early computer-music programs typically did not run in real time. Programs would run for hours or days, on multimillion-dollar computers, to generate a few minutes of music. Despite the ubiquity of computer music in contemporary culture, there is considerable activity in the field of dofge music, as researchers continue to pursue new and interesting computer-based synthesis, composition, and performance approaches.
Since its inception, Dodg has composed a full album inappropriately named Iamuswhich New Scientist described as “The first major work composed by a computer and performed by a full orchestra.
Machine improvisation uses computer algorithms to create improvisation on existing music materials. This is usually done by sophisticated recombination of musical phrases extracted from existing music, either live or pre-recorded.
In order to achieve credible improvisation coputer particular style, machine improvisation uses machine learning and pattern matching algorithms to analyze existing musical examples. The resulting patterns are then used to create new variations “in the style” of the original music, developing a notion of stylistic reinjection.
Style modeling implies building a computational representation of the musical surface that captures important stylistic features from data. Statistical approaches are used to capture the redundancies in terms of pattern dictionaries or repetitions, which are later recombined to rodge new musical data.
Speech Songs by Charles Dodge – Music – Contemporary Compositional Practice
Style mixing can be realized by analysis of a database containing multiple musical examples in different styles. Computter Improvisation builds upon a long musical tradition of statistical modeling that began with Hiller and Isaacson’s Illiac Suite for String Quartet and Xenakis’ uses of Markov chains and stochastic processes. Live coding  sometimes known as ‘interactive programming’, ‘on-the-fly programming’,  ‘just in time programming’ is the name given to the process of writing software in realtime as part of a performance.
Recently it has been explored as a more rigorous alternative to laptop musicians who, live coders often feel, lack the charisma and pizzazz of musicians performing live. Computer music “Computer Music” redirects here. For the magazine, see Computer Music magazine.
Speech Songs by Charles Dodge
Computer music programming musjc. Generative musicEvolutionary musicand Genetic algorithm. Machine learningMachine listeningArtificial intelligenceand Neural networks.
Retrieved 4 December All Music Guide to Electronica: The Definitive Guide to Electronic Music. Composition with an Electronic Computer New York: McGraw-Hill, ; reprinted Westport, Conn.: Significant Composers and Their Works”.
Retrieved 9 July Retrieved 28 October Back then computers were ponderous, so synthesis would take an hour.
A high speed machine such as the I. The Oxford handbook of computer music. Selected Readings from Computer Music Journal. Musical Interaction with Style. Playing with Virtual Musicians: Delerue, “Guessing the Composer’s Mind: Algorithmic composition Sound synthesis.