Russell’s Periodontal Indfex & CPITN Probe Seminar For Public Health Dentistry. A periodontal examination is a clinical examination of the periodontium (gums). It is routinely carried out in dentistry and allied specialties. Many different techniques are used around the world. A report by World Health Organization in led to the creation of the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN). Use of a special CPITN periodontal probe (or its equivalent) is recommended. For epidemiological purposes in adult populations, 10 specified index teeth are.
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How to cite this URL: Multi-center clinical evaluation of a chair side method for detecting certain periodontal bacteria in periodontal disease.
Int J Epidemiol ; 24 Suppl 1: Presence of gingival recession was considered and excluded for diagnostic indes when present in buccal or lingual surfaces. Related articles Community periodontal index of treatment needs benzoyl-DL-arginine napthylamide chronic periodontitis putative periodontal pathogens.
Metadata Show full item record. Bacterial profiles of subgingival plaque in periodontitis. Wisdom teeth are not included because pericoronitis and tooth impaction may cause isolated periodontal defects which do not represent the general periodontal condition of the rest of the mouth. The use of probing depth as the clinical parameter for diagnosis in some studies may account for some of the variability.
Only 6 scores are recorded. The odds of a positive test in a diseased individual was 3.
A total of 80 sites were selected from 20 patients with generalized chronic periodontitis. There is a need for dental prophylaxis and instruction in the use of oral hygiene procedures.
Hunt 1 reports an underestimation of periodontitis prevalence when performing half mouth exams. Incex tables were constructed to assess sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, and test-estimated prevalence prevalence estimated by the instrument.
Assesment of periodontal disease using the CPITN index in rural population in Ninevah, Iraq
Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in a small rural population in southern Brazil including individuals over 18 years of age for whom disease status was unknown. Comparing two methods of clinical measurement: Ainamo J, Ainamo A. Av Odontoestomatol ; 6: Discussion Periodontitis severity and prevalence in this sample were similar to the values observed in similar populations, although the present study used a convenience sample 17,31,32 which could have influenced the predictive values but not the sensitivity and specificity if the prevalence was artificially modified by selection bias.
Measures of gingival recession, tooth mobility, intensity of inflammation, precise identification of pocket depths or differentiation between supra- and subgingival calculus are not included in the CPITN. Individuals were selected according to availability in local industries, public health centers, public services, rural unions, high schools, the university, and commercial establishments.
Table 2 presents these data in details. Consistency and coherence of the dataset was systematically evaluated prior to data analysis until a previously determined pattern was achieved. The validity and reproducibility of an oral rating index as a measurement of gingival health care and oral hygiene level in adults. J Dent Res ;67; Statistical properties of some clinical measures of gingivitis and periodontitis.
Representativeness of the “Ramfjord teeth” for epidemiologic studies of gingivitis and periodontitis. For screening purposes, the CPITN has been reported previously as having better suitability for severe disease diagnosis Bassani reviewed the literature, elaborated the protocol, coordinated field work, collected data, analyzed data, and drafted the manuscript. As a conclusion, both total and partial CPITN failed to reflect the real periodontal status of the sample.
Contingency tables were constructed and operational characteristics obtained, as well as ROC curves. The scoring is as follows:. Dentistry involving supporting structures of teeth Periodontology. In dental coitn all teeth are examined and the highest score for each sextant noted. Debridement Scaling and root planing Full mouth disinfection Full mouth ultrasonic debridement.
The main clinical parameter accounted for the periodontitis diagnosis through the CPITN is probing depth.
Validity of CPITN’s hierarchical scoring method for describing the prevalence of periodontal conditions. Effect of examining half the teeth in a partial periodontal recording of older adults.
Community Dent Health ; 8: This study aimed to assess knowledge of and attitudes towards periodontal health among adults in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. Abstract To estimate the prevalence of periodontal disease in a rural population and to assess the periodontal treatment needs, a sample of individuals aged between 7 years and 70 years, from three villages in Ninevah Governorate was examined using the community periodental index of treatment needs to assess their periodontal condition.
Understanding the performance of the instrument and specifically the assessment of its sensitivity and specificity will improve interpretations of the disease prevalence rates estimated with the CPITN. All these methods use the WHO probe. Int Dent J ; Community periodontal index of treatment needs index: Positive predictive value for the reduced version was Oral hygiene instruction, remove plaque retentive factors e.
Br Dent J ; It has a ball end of diameter 0. Epidemiology, treatment needs and progression monitoring of periodontal disease in adults. This report reviews the CPITN procedure and describes in detail the use of the method for both purposes. Validation Studies; Periodontal Index; Periodontitis.